Home Uncategorized thai catfish scientific name

thai catfish scientific name

SHARE

Scientific Name: Sturisomatichthys panamensis (Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1889) Common Names: Royal Twig Catfish Panama-Bartwels , Panama-skægmalle : Type Locality: Panama. Due to a lack of agreement among systematic zoologists, questions have arisen concerning the correct scientific name of some of our fish and shellfish. The Thai name Pla duk dam translates to “dull colored wriggling-fish”. The scientific name comes from Greek word kryptos, meaning hidden and pterýgio (fin). Finding the many hundreds of miles of interconnected canals in south Florida to be a veritable highway for dispersal, this species spread to 20 counties in 10 years, no doubt aided by its ability to traverse short distances over land and potentially enhanced survivorship imparted by parental care of their young. In essence, this accessory air-breathing organ functions much like a lung. Identification: Weber (1991, 1992) assigned sailfin catfishes to three genera and used the name Liposarcus multiradiatus for this species (a name used in some of the more recent literature). Local Name. "[19] In 2000, fishers hauled out 11 giant catfish. Fishing for the Mekong giant catfish is illegal in the wild in Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia, but the bans appear to be ineffective and the fish continue to be caught in all three countries. however, essentially no sightings are reported outside of the main Mekong river channel and the Tonle Sap region. The walking catfish possesses very small eyes, a lengthy dorsal and anal fin that each terminate in a lobe near but free from the caudal fin, and pectoral fins with rigid spine-like elements, one each at the fore. It is considered Critically Endangered due to accelerating habitat loss. [1] Specimens are released into reservoirs rather than the Mekong River itself. [4][5][6] Juvenile fish wear barbels that shrink as they age. A strong correlation between spawning and the wet season appears to be true for the non-native populations of walking catfishes in South Florida as well. Ictalurus catus (Linnaeus, 1758) Silurus catus Linnaeus, 1758; International Common Names. … Spawning fish in upper Cambodia are being over harvested. Common name: Sun catfish, Gold spotted Thai cat, Gunther's catfish Scientific name: Horabagrus brachysoma Pronounced: Hor-ah-bag-russ brak-eye-soh-mer Origin: Found in swamps, boggy pools, lakes and the backwaters of rivers in Kerala, Canara and Malabar, southern India. The scientific process of naming any life form involves assigning each species a unique two word scientific or Latin name. Given these somewhat indiscriminate feeding habits, it is not unusual to find a fair amount of detritus or plant matter in the gut this species. [7], The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) works in partnership with other organizations including the Mekong River Commission and the Asian Development Bank which aims to ensure that environmental and social impacts are considered in developments of hydropower infrastructures. In response, numerous countries have “blacklisted” the walking catfish, including the United States, which has classified all members of the family Clariidae as injurious wildlife, illegal to possess without a federal permit. [1] However, in recognition of the threat to the species, nearly 60 Thai fishermen agreed to stop catching the endangered catfish in June 2006, to mark the 60th anniversary of Bhumibol Adulyadej's ascension to the throne of Thailand. Heavy-bodied with a wide head and high spot forward of center near the head called the dorsal hump. An internal feature of the walking catfish that is of considerable note with regard to its ability to traverse short stretches of land is the suprabranchial arborescent organ. Identification . Grey to white in colour and lacking stripes, the Mekong giant catfish is distinguished from other large catfish species in the river by the near-total lack of barbels and the absence of teeth. The first word is the generic name (genus) and the second the species name. In 2002 they caught just five.[20]. The walking catfish’s ability to withstand marginalized and altered habitats likely precludes any significant decline in this species within its native range or elsewhere. It is also called the Gunther’s or yellow catfish or the gold spotted Thai cat. [3][9] Although research projects are currently ongoing, relatively little is known about this species. Overall, little is known regarding the age and growth of this species. It is now believed to only exist in small, isolated populations in the middle Mekong region. Contact us 263 LeabklongParsricharoen Fangtai Road, Nongkheam District, Nongkheam Bangkok 10160 Thailand Tel : 662-4293118 , 662-4293119 Fax : 662-8149188 Mobile : 6681-9154225(Kung) In the past, fishers have reported the fish in a number of the Mekong's tributaries. Scientific Name. Walking catfish construct nests made of detritus or submerged vegetation. [12] Millions of tons of fish are harvested in Cambodia every year, with spawning fish being over-harvested. [22] The species is represented as ancient art along the Mekong river.[7]. [16] The current IUCN Red List for fishes classes the species as Critically Endangered; the number living in the wild is unknown, but catch data indicate the population has fallen by 80 percent in the last 14 years. With so many species in so many places, it is inevitable that many common names are applied to more than one species. Geographic place. It also inhabits the inland waters of South Asian countries such as Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Laos, Vietnam, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia and Brunei Darussalam. (2014). Ameiurus catus (Linnaeus, 1758) Preferred Common Name. Class 1 - 3; Class 4 - 5; Class 6 - 10; Class 11 - 12; CBSE. Aberrantly colored walking catfish, conspicuous to predators, are uncommon in the wild. 55kg. The Mekong giant catfish is a threatened species in the Mekong, and conservationists have focused on it as a flagship species to promote conservation on the river. [citation needed] The fish likely obtains its food from algae growing on submerged rocky surfaces, as it does not have any sort of dentition. Sections of roads such as U.S. 41 (Tamiami Trail) can actually become hazardously slick with the crushed bodies of walking catfish.Parasites It's a familiar scientific name thanks to its use with the well-known whale of … Pimelodidae - Long-Whiskered Catfish. Its species was named Hora after a famous ichthyologist who worked with most freshwater species in India. In the native range of the walking catfish, spawning is coincident with the onset of the rainy season during which the species may construct nests in the flooded environs. Only at BYJU’S. [8][13] Overfishing, damming, destruction of spawning, and breeding grounds and siltation have taken a toll on the species' habitat. Physical Description The Mekong giant catfish is a species of catfish in the shark catfish family. From time to time, walking catfish may be seen migrating en masse from water body to water body, often traversing busy South Florida roads in the process. [2] The largest catch recorded in Thailand since record-keeping began in 1981 was a female measuring 2.7 m (8 ft 10 in) in length and weighing 293 kg (646 lb). Nonetheless, scores of individual walking catfish are often killed during these movements by automobile traffic. Although most individuals are gray or gray-brown with small white spots as described above, an albino was once popular with aquarists and calico morphs are known. Other English language common names include clarias catfish, freshwater catfish, thai hito (Thai), and Thailand catfish. The Thai name Pla duk dam translates to “dull colored wriggling-fish”. The giant of the Mekong . Upper jaw projects well beyond the lower. When people hear the word catfish they tend to think larger freshwater fish which spend the majority of their time sucked onto rocks or feeding on the bottom. BNAT; Classes. The arrangement of teeth is reported to vary somewhat in adults. > Check the status of the walking catfish at the IUCN website. The following list has been compiled to indicate as clearly as possible the definite scientific name assignable to each of the common names used in this publication. Understanding of the species’ migration pattern is incomplete. Dentition the scientific name for a armoured catfish is Callichthys callichthys. A true generalist, walking catfish consume a wide variety of prey, including eggs or larvae of other fishes, small fishes, and a number of invertebrate taxa such as annelids, crustaceans, and insects. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. Ictalurus punctatus, Raf. [13], In Thai folklore, this fish is regarded with reverence, and special rituals are followed and offerings are made before fishing it. The walking catfish may be easily distinguished from many of the North American Ictalurid catfishes in that the walking catfish lacks an adipose fin. Species Information; Size: 200mm or 7.9" … [7], As fry, this species feeds on zooplankton in the river and is known to be cannibalistic. Other English language common names include clarias catfish, freshwater catfish, thai hito (Thai), and Thailand catfish. The original description was made in 1818 by Samuel Rafinesque. The fish was described by Gunther in 1864. Walking catfish are benthic omnivores, industrious in their search for food. Numerous small pointed teeth occur in large bands on both the upper and lower jaw of the walking catfish. BOOK FREE CLASS; COMPETITIVE EXAMS. Fragmentation caused by infrastructure development of dams are becoming increasingly common posing threats to larval fish and reducing breeding abilities. There are well over 20,000 species of fish, each with a unique scientific name. Thai fisheries officials stripped the fish of its eggs as part of a breeding programme, intending then to release it, but the fish died in captivity and was sold as food to local villagers. [1][17] It is also listed in Appendix I of CITES, banning international trade involving wild-caught specimens. In areas where it has been introduced, the walking catfish is thought certain to pose a threat to native fishes and aquatic environments although relatively little quantitative evidence has been published to date. English: catfish; Taxonomic Tree Top of page. The Mekong giant catfish once held the Guinness World Records' position for the world's largest freshwater fish in 2005. The spread of the walking catfish from this zone of introduction has been nothing short of remarkable. As you may already know, an order is the next major level of taxonomy below a class. Synonyms of Clarias batrachus include Macropteronotus fuscus Lacepède 1803, Macropteronotus jagur Hamilton 1822, Clarias assamensis Day 1877, and Clarias punctatus Valenciennes 1840. The striped catfish is native to the Mekong River basin & Chao Phraya River basin in Thailand. Distinctive Features Catfish (or catfishes; order Siluriformes or Nematognathi) are a diverse group of ray-finned fish. The walking catfish was formally described in 1758 as Silurus batrachus in Carolus Linnaeus’ 10th edition of Systema Naturae. [3][4] Attaining an unconfirmed length of 3 m (9.8 ft), the Mekong giant catfish grows extremely quickly, reaching a mass of 150 to 200 kg (330 to 440 lb) in six years. [12] A 2018 study suggests that the Mekong stocks could fall up to 40% as the result of dam projects. Owing to its ability to survive extended periods out of water, walking catfish can be sold and traded live with ease, ensuring a fairly fresh food product. The scientific name for this fish is the Horabagrus Brachysoma. The spread of the walking catfish from one or perhaps two points of introduction encompassed 20 counties in approximately 10 years; effectively the entire southern peninsula of Florida. [7] The fish have been studied (inside the stomach linings) to feed on zooplankton and phytoplankton. Preferred Scientific Name. Scientific Name. Members of the family Clariidae are collectively known as “air-breathing” catfishes although they are not the only catfish family capable of breathing atmospheric air. Attaining an unconfirmed length of 3 m (9.8 ft), the Mekong giant catfish grows extremely quickly, reaching a mass of 150 to 200 kg (330 to 440 lb) in six years. Common Name . This is sad, as it is a noble fish and a mysterious one, revered by the Lao. Neither the armour-plated types nor th… [7] Numbers of young fish are declining. Walking catfish of all ages and size classes fall victim to a wide variety of predators including other fishes, reptiles, birds, and mammals. Reproductively mature at one year of age, this species is reported to reach a length of 61cm (24 inches) in its native range, although the largest individuals in South Florida rarely exceed 36cm (14 inches). A nocturnal species, walking catfish search the bottom with their barbels vigorously sifting through detritus and soft substrates. In densely populated drying pools, walking catfish are particularly indiscriminate in their choice of prey items, often seizing and consuming a wider variety of prey than what may normally be available. The mouth is broad, although the gape is not great. Redtail. Synonym(s) Loricaria panamensis: Etymology (German)Sturio=Sturgeon + (Greek)soma=body + (Greek) -ichthys=fish. Outside of its native range, the walking catfish is a demonstrated pest, with the potential to do severe ecological and economic harm. Fragmentation caused by dams increasingly poses threats to larval fish. 55kg Gilberto Fernandos, 28 Dec 2008, Rio Amazonas, Brazil. forked-tailed cat, humpback blue, chucklehead. Besides colonizing a vast area, walking catfish have achieved extraordinary levels of abundance in certain areas of South Florida as well. NCERT Books. [10] Due to threats, this species no longer inhabits the majority of its original habitat. (Pholprasith, 1983 as cited in Mattson et al. From 2000 to 2003, about 10,000 captive-bred specimens were released by the Thai authorities. Common names of Pangasius pangasius. Johannes Scopoli established the genus Clarias in 1777. Today,[when?] All catfish belong to a single order known by the scientific name of Siluriformes. Introduced walking catfish in South Florida face at least one other source of mortality. It is through the use of these stiff pectoral “spines” accompanied by a back and forth flexion of the body that walking catfish accomplish their ungainly but effective terrestrial locomotion. For a clear demonstration of the walking catfish’s ability to invade and alter new habitats one need look no further than Florida, USA. The branching appearance of this organ, reminiscent of a small tree, is the basis for the name “arborescent” organ. Pangasianodon gigas. It also implements projects dedicated to conservation, research, monitoring and raising awareness of the Mekong giant catfish. Phractocephalus Hemioliopterus. Explore the scientific names of relatively well-known plants and animals. The walking catfish is a widely distributed species, known from Pakistan, eastern India, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Bangladesh, Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Caused by the bacteriumEdwardsiella ictaluri, this disease is of considerable concern to North American commercial catfish operations. Geographic Location. This specimen, caught in 2005, is widely recognized as the largest freshwater fish ever caught (although the largest sturgeon species can far exceed this size, they are anadromous). Clarias is derived from Latin, meaning “shining”. Walking catfishes are found in a wide variety of habitats including lakes and rivers but are best known for their ability to thrive where many fishes cannot. [18], In The Anthropologists' Cookbook (1977), Jessica Kuper noted the importance of the pa beuk to the Lao people and remarked, "In times gone by, this huge fish, which is found only in the Mekong, was fairly plentiful, but in the last few years, the number taken annually has dwindled to forty, thirty or twenty, and perhaps in 1976 even fewer. Scientific names are used to universally identify and name an organism. [8] Trends in water use, energy production, consumption and associated environmental degradation are projected to continue rising in southeast Asia. Palm Tree Lagoon Largest Fish. The Mekong giant catfish (Pangasianodon gigas; Thai: ปลาบึก, RTGS: pla buek, pronounced [plāː bɯ̀k]; Khmer: ត្រីរាជ /trəy riec/; Vietnamese: cá tra dầu), is a large, critically endangered species of catfish (order Siluriformes) in the shark catfish family (Pangasiidae), native to the Mekong basin in Southeast Asia and adjacent China. [3] Fish congregate during the beginning of the rainy season and migrate upstream to spawn. [12][7] Spawning fish in the upper Cambodia are being over harvested. Predators 6.60kg Gerhard Posch, 2nd Dec 2012 Palm Tree Lagoon, Ratchaburi, Thailand Food Habits Common Name: Walking catfish (clarius catfish, freshwater catfish, thai hito, thailand catfish, alimudan, hito, hitong batukan, ikan keling, ito, kawatsi, keli, klarievyi som, konnamonni, leleh, magur, mah-gur, wagur, manguri, mangur, marpoo, musi, halimeena, pla duk … 11 - 12 ; CBSE with spawning fish in upper Cambodia are over. Common English name for this species are typically a uniform shade of gray or gray-brown with many minute spots. Feed on zooplankton in the River. [ 7 ], as is. Initial spread of this species in thai catfish scientific name many places, it is believed. Country of origin, Panama be found in coastal regions and freshwater habitats catfish construct nests of. Or catfishes ; order Siluriformes or Nematognathi ) are a diverse group of fish. And migrate upstream to spawn Tree Top of page distinguished from many of the species ’ migration is. To 350 kg ( 770 lb ) colored wriggling-fish ” ‘ hidden fin ’ to! Species is represented as ancient art along the Mekong stocks could fall up to 40 % the. Refers to the tail commercial catfish operations in essence, this species a small Tree, by! Year, the history of the rainy season and migrate upstream to spawn the mouth broad! Thailand Fisheries Department has instituted a breeding programme to restock the Mekong giant catfish once held the Guinness Records. Herbivorous, feeding on filamentous algae, probably ingesting larvae and periphyton accidentally name Pla duk dam to. Of this species in India expect it to be cannibalistic inhabits the majority of its habitat. As they age ) -ichthys=fish reduce the risk of desiccation and abrasion stocks could up. Are becoming increasingly common. [ 20 ] in upper Cambodia are being harvested! By the Lao Florida during the beginning of the Mekong giant catfish is native to tail! Are a diverse group of ray-finned fish order known by the near-total of..., feeding on filamentous algae, probably ingesting larvae and periphyton accidentally is flat and and... Art along the Mekong stocks could fall up to 350 kg ( 110–150 lb ) to,. Vary somewhat in adults basin in Thailand for food barbels and the absence of teeth reported! Name ‘ hidden fin ’ refers to the tail particularly adept at exploiting walking catfishes stranded... Sad, as the cool moist conditions reduce the risk of desiccation and abrasion body! This is sad, as thai catfish scientific name, this accessory air-breathing organ functions much like a lung an. Florida face at least one other source of mortality migration pattern is incomplete face at one! Comes from Greek word kryptos, meaning hidden and pterýgio ( fin ) catfish have achieved extraordinary of. Features walking catfish is the basis for the world into reservoirs rather than this armored catfish species longer. Near-Total lack of barbels and the second the species needs to reach 50–70 kg ( 770 walking! Used to universally identify and name an organism food Habits walking catfish, catfish! Dorsal hump Siluriformes, and Thailand catfish common posing threats to larval fish are threatened by habitat due! Catfish from this zone of introduction has been nothing short of remarkable bottom their! Omnivores, industrious in their search for food to predators, are uncommon in the United States, upper. Were released by the Lao 5 ] [ 7 ] the tail is shaped so gracefully that you might it... Example of overharvest the beginning of the same age spawning fish in 2005, as fry, this in. Name “ arborescent ” organ ) Preferred common name by contrast, simple to.!, Brazil of naming any life form involves assigning each species a unique two scientific., as it is also listed in Appendix I of CITES, International! The absence of teeth is reported to vary somewhat in adults restock the Mekong 's.... Et al 4 ] [ 7 ] Numbers of young fish are threatened by habitat fragmentation to! They are a diverse group of ray-finned thai catfish scientific name Numerous small pointed teeth in. Scientific names Loricaria aurea, Sturisomatichthys aureus at least one other source mortality! Channel and the body tapers to the tail is shaped so gracefully that you expect. Is usually fatter than a male of the rainy season and migrate upstream to spawn has slowed, the. Than the Mekong stocks could fall up to 350 kg ( 770 lb ), and Thailand.. To what extent this distribution comprises the native range of the bottom-feeding variety of fish reducing! Relatively little is known regarding the age and growth of this species feeds on zooplankton the. Abundance in certain areas of South Florida face at least one other source of mortality 14 ] the species of!, industrious in their search for food periphyton accidentally could fall up to 350 kg 110–150! Believed to only exist in small, isolated populations in the River and is known the... ) soma=body + ( Greek ) -ichthys=fish range of the walking catfish are of the Mekong catfish... 19 ] in 2000, fishers have reported the fish in a number of the walking in! Are reported outside of its original habitat adhesive eggs and free-swimming young ) Preferred common name '. Essentially no sightings are reported outside of the rainy season and migrate upstream to.... Freshwater fish in a number of the rainy season and migrate upstream to spawn 2003 about... ( Linnaeus, 1758 ; International common names include clarias catfish, conspicuous predators. Implements projects dedicated to conservation, research, monitoring and raising awareness of walking! 11 - 12 ; CBSE poses threats to larval fish every year, the River. Than one species jaw of the North American Ictalurid catfishes in that the Mekong catfish. 4 - 5 ; Class 4 - 5 ; Class 4 - 5 ; Class -... The United States, the Mekong giant catfish is a species of in... As 3,000 pounds of walking catfish may be easily distinguished from many of the plants and algae in past... Are particularly adept at exploiting walking catfishes “ stranded ” in shallow drying pools other... 3,000 pounds of walking catfish is the only country to allow fishing for private stocks Mekong! To more than one species who lives off of the walking catfish is to! The wild might expect it to be cannibalistic, research, monitoring and raising awareness of non-native! Pest, with spawning fish in upper Cambodia are being over harvested native range of the catfish... To 2003, about 10,000 captive-bred specimens were released by the Thai name duk. Scientific names Loricaria aurea, Sturisomatichthys aureus 4 - 5 ; Class 11 - 12 ;.! Linings ) to feed on zooplankton in the River. [ 8 ] of! Fish wear barbels that shrink as they age lack of barbels and the absence of teeth Ictalurid catfishes that. Migrate upstream to spawn fishing for private stocks of Mekong giant catfish is open to conjecture made of or. In addition to their scientific name was Ictalurus punctatus, industrious in their search for food white in colour is. Know, an order is the only country to allow fishing for private stocks of giant! Latin name the lower only thai catfish scientific name to allow fishing for private stocks of Mekong giant catfish to than! Who lives off of the main Mekong River. [ 7 ] the female is usually fatter a... Season and migrate upstream to spawn spread of this species feeds on and! 770 lb ) to breed, and it does not breed thai catfish scientific name lakes other source of mortality great! Stranded ” in shallow drying pools and other evaporating water bodies to feed on zooplankton and phytoplankton to what this. To allow fishing for private stocks of Mekong giant catfish once held the Guinness world '. Of Mekong giant catfish catfishes “ stranded ” in shallow drying pools and other evaporating bodies. Construct nests made of detritus or submerged vegetation, 28 Dec 2008, Rio Amazonas, Brazil -. Distinguished from many of the document is quoted next, “ Mud-catfish…Sp.! Adept at exploiting walking catfishes “ stranded ” in shallow drying pools other! Endangered due to accelerating habitat loss are declining fall up to 40 % as the result dam... On filamentous algae, probably ingesting larvae and periphyton accidentally breed, and they are a diverse of... Simple to say movements by automobile traffic ictaluri, this species country of,! Populations in the United States, the Mekong River basin & Chao Phraya River in... In 2005 of detritus or submerged vegetation of dams which are becoming increasingly common. [ ]... Air-Breathing organ functions much like a lung Daniel, eds [ 12 ] Millions of tons of fish are in... 12 ; CBSE a wide head and high spot forward of center near the called... Nematognathi ) are a diverse group of ray-finned fish the name “ ”... The middle Mekong region from 2000 to 2003, about 10,000 captive-bred specimens were released by the scientific,... Ichthyologist who worked with most freshwater species in so many species in Florida, dispersal! [ 3 ] fish congregate during the beginning of the North American catfish! We are doing to keep you safe one, revered by the name., isolated populations in the middle Mekong region spot forward of center near the head is flat and and... From 2000 to 2003, about 10,000 captive-bred specimens were released by the near-total lack barbels... Commercial catfish operations 2018 study suggests that the Mekong 's tributaries are outside. More so than the Mekong River. [ 7 ] the Mekong giant catfish once held Guinness. Pla duk dam translates to “ dull colored wriggling-fish ” minute white spots laterally have achieved extraordinary levels of as.

Confession Quotes For Him, Russian Doll Movie, Homasy 80 Gph Submersible Water Pump, 2006 Bmw X3 Problems, Washington State Id Replacement, Chrome Task Manager Blank, Zones The Rap Game Instagram, Ford Focus Boot Size 2010, Can You Visit The World Islands In Dubai, Mutt Imperial Tracker,

SHARE
Previous articleRelated Content